Batteries present in automobiles are high density heat dissipating zones which require efficient cooling. It is very important that all the cells of Battery receive adequate cooling so that the temperature within cells remains below the critical limits and performance of Battery don’t get degraded. Main challenge was designing of Multi-Port-Extrusion (MPE) for maximum heat transfer rate between Cells & Coolant. Also defining a contact resistance at various interfaces was bit tricky. Hence performance of the Battery will depend on the efficient cooling and this can be achieved by CFD.
Flow and thermal analysis of the battery was executed for determining temperature raise, prominently temperature distribution and velocity distribution along flow path through MPE. Using CFD, temperature raise across MPE were checked and compared with critical limit. Higher temperature raise was observed across MPE with initial MPE design. Design optimization iterations were carried out on MPE channel design for keeping temperature raise across MPE below the critical limit. After design optimization of MPE, Battery performance was checked for various flow rates of coolant. In optimized MPE design it was observed that, temperature raise across MPE channel coolant flow & temperature of cells is well below the critical limit for all required flow rates values.